Cognitive Behavioural Theory
What is Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT)
Developed by Dr. Aaron T. Beck
Cognitive Therapy (CT), or Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT), was pioneered by Dr. Aaron T. Beck in the 1960s, while he was a psychiatrist at the University of Pennsylvania. Having studied and practiced psychoanalysis, Dr. Beck designed and carried out several experiments to test psychoanalytic concepts of depression.
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a form of psychological treatment that has been demonstrated to be effective for a range of problems including depression, anxiety disorders, alcohol and drug use problems, marital problems, eating disorders and severe mental illness.
Numerous research studies suggest that CBT leads to significant improvement in functioning and quality of life. In many studies, CBT has been demonstrated to be as effective as, or more effective than, other forms of psychological therapy or psychiatric medications.
The Cognitive Model
What will I learn in CBT
CBT involves learning how to change your thoughts (also called cognitions) and your
actions (or behaviours), which is why it is called cognitive-behavioural therapy. Why
is this important? Because in any given situation, you will have thoughts and feelings
about it, and behave in a certain way. These thoughts, feelings, and actions all interact and influence each other.
Who can benefit from CBT therapy?